england wado-kai | shop | twitter | karate resources | FAQ | facebook | downloads    
Insure4Sport Karate Insurance Reading Karate Club - Wado Kai

Karate Terminology

Karate Terminology

 
Numbers, Belts & Ranks General Terminology and Etiquette
Basic Techniques Targets on the body
Hand/Arm Ashi - Foot
Stances Uke Waza (Blocking Techniques)
Tsuki Waza (Hand striking techniques) Uchi-Waza - Striking
Keri Waza (Kicking Techniques) Miscellaneous

Wado karate is a Japanese Martial Art which uses Japanese words and phrases. Below are some of the Japanese Terms you may hear in atraditional karate dojo.

You would not be expected to start understanding the Japanese words until you were an Orange Belt.

Traditional Karate-Do Terminology

Adapted from the Tadley Wado Kai Website Terminology Page

Numbers, Belts & Ranks


Numbers

Black Belt Ranks

Kyu Ranks

ONE - ICHI (ee-chee)

Sho-Dan / 1st Degree

1st Brown / I-Kyu

TWO - NI (knee)

Ni-Dan / 2nd

2nd Brown / Ni-Kyu

THREE - SAN (saan) 

San-Dan / 3rd

3rd Brown / San-Kyu

FOUR - SHI (chee)

Yon-Don / 4th

Green / Yon-Kyu

FIVE - GO (go)

Go-Dan / 5th

Purple / Go-Kyu

SIX - ROKU (row-koo)

Roku-Dan / 6th

Blue / Roku-Kyu

SEVEN - SHICHI (she-chee)

Shichi-Dan / 7th

Orange / Shichi-Kyu

EIGHT - HACHI (hi-chee)

Hachi-Dan / 8th

Yellow / Hachi-Kyu

NINE  - KU (koo)

Ku-Dan / 9th

White

TEN - JU (joo) 

Ju-Dan / 10th

 

back to top

General Terminology and Etiquette


Command

Pronunciation

English meaning

Sensei

Sen-Say

Teacher/instructor

Sempai

Sem-Pie

Senior Student/Assistant Instructor

Shihan

She-An

Master

Seiza

Say-Zar

Kneel

Rei

Ray

Bow

Sensei Ni Rei

Sen-Say-Nee-Ray

Bow to Instructor

Otagai Ni Rei

Ott-Toe-Guy-Nee-Ray

Bow to Dojo and all assembled

Kritsu

Kiritz

Stand to Attention

Hidari

Hid-Ary

Left

Migi

Migee

Right

Hai

Hi

Yes

Ei

Eee

No

back to top

Basic Karate Techniques


Command

Pronunciation

English meaning

Yohi

Yoy

Ready Stance

Hidari Gamae

Hid-Ar-Ee-Gam-I

Junzuki Stance

Hidari Hanmi Gamae

Hamee

Fighting Stance

Mawatte

Ma-Watt-Ay

Turn

Hidari Shizentai

Shee-zen-ti

left Natural Stance

Kiai

Kee-eye

Shout

Yame

Yam-Ay

Relax to ready stance or Stop

Naore

Noray

Adopt Attention stance

Hajime

Hajimay

Start

Kyukei

Q.K

Rest after Bow

Sonobade Gyakuzuki

Sonno-barde GuykaZuki

Change to Gyakuzuki Stance

back to top


Targets on the body


Command

English meaning

Jodan

Head/Upper

Chudan

Solar Plexus

Gedan

Low

back to top
Hand/Arm


Command

English meaning

Seiken

Fore fist/knuckle

Uraken

Back fist

Tettsui

Bottom Fist/Hammer fist

Ippon Ken

One Knuckle Fist

Nakadaka Ippon Ken

Middle Finger One Knuckle Fist

Haito

Ridge Hand

Shuto

Knife Hand

Nihon Nukite

Two Finger Spear Hand

Ippon Nukite

One Finger Spear Hand

Yohon Nukite

Spear Hand

Teisho

Palm Hand

Koken

Back wrist

Ude

Forearm

Empi

Elbow

Hiraken

Second knuckle strike

back to top

Ashi - Foot


Command

English meaning

Hiza

Knee

Sokuto

Foot Edge

Kakato

Foot Heel

Johsokutei

Ball of Foot

Ashi Barai

Foot Sweep

back to top

Karate Stances


Command

English meaning

Heisoku Dachi

Informal Attention Stance

Shiko Dachi

Open Leg Stance

Kiba Dachi

Straddle Leg Stance

Neko Ashi Dachi

Cat Stance

Shizentai (Hachiji Dachi, Yoi)

Natural stance

Hidari/Migi Shizentai (Lenoji Dachi)

Left/Right Natural stance

Jigo tai

wide natural stance

Naihanchi Dachi

Naihanchi stance or inside fighting stance

Shiko Dachi

Sumo/straddle Stance

Kiba Dachi

Horse Stance

Zenkutsu Dachi

Front-bent, back straight stance

Junzuki Dachi

Junzuki Stance

Gyakuzuki Dachi

Gyakuzuki Stance

Kokutsu Dachi

Back Stance

Nekoashi Dachi

Cat-feet stance

Mahanmi (no) Nekoashi (Dachi)

Half front viewing Cat stance

Mashomen (no) Nekoashi (Dachi)

Front veiwing Cat stance

Gyaku Nekoashidachi (Soeashi Dachi)

Reverse Cat Stance

Yoko Seishan Dachi

Sideways Seishan Stance

Tate Seishan Dachi

Vertical Seishan Stance

Teiji Dachi (Junzuki no Tsukkomi Dachi)

T Stance

Kataashi Dori

Crane stance

Kosa Dachi

Hooked Leg Stance

back to top


Uke Waza (Blocking Techniques)


Command

English meaning

Jodan Uke

Forearm block (up)

Shuto Uke

Knife Hand Block

Gedan Barai

Lower sweeping Block

Morote Uke

Augmented Forearm Block

Uchi Uke

Inner block

Soto Uke

Outer block

Shuto Uke

Edge of hand block

Age Uke

Rising block

Jiju Uke

Cross hand block

Otoshi Uke

Descending block

Kake Uke

Hook block

Tetsui Uke

Hammerfist block

Ude Uke

Forearm block

back to top

Tsuki Waza (Hand striking techniques)


Command

English meaning

Jun Zuki

Lunge Punch

Gyaku Zuki

Reverse Punch

Morote Zuki

Double Fist Punch

Furi Zuki

Swing Punch

Uraken

Back fist strike

Tobikomizuki

Snap punch

Nagashizuki

Avoiding snap punch

back to top

Uchi-Waza - Striking


Command

English meaning

Tettsui Uchi

Bottom Fist Strike

Shuto Uchi

Knife Hand Strike

Haito Uchi

Ridge Hand Strike

Teisho Uchi

Palm Heel Strike

Empi Uchi

Elbow Strike

back to top

Keri Waza (Kicking Techniques)


Command

English meaning

Mae-Geri

Front Kick

Mae-Geri-Kette

Front Snap Kick

Mawashi-Geri

Roundhouse Kick

Nidan-Geri

Flying Front Kick

Hiza-Geri

Knee Kick

Yoko-Geri

Side Kick

Sokuto

Edge of foot Kick

Fumikomi

Stamping Kick

Sokuto Fumikomi

Foot Edge Stamping Kick

Ushiro Geri

Back Kick

Katatogeri

Axe Kick

Atoshigeri

Descending Kick

Uchi Mawashgeri

Inner Roundhouse

Ushiro Mawashgeri

Spinning Roundhouse

Mikazukigeri

Crescent Kick

Tobi Geri

Jump Kick

Yoko Tobi Geri

Flying side kick

back to top

Miscellaneous


Command

English meaning

Zenshinshite

Step Forward with the Back foot

Surikomi

Step with the Back foot followed by Step or Kick with Front Kick

atemi

a punch

do

way

dojo

training hall

gi

uniform worn when training

kata

prearranged series of movements

ki

energy, living power, spirit

kumite

free fighting/ sparring

jutsu

art

randori

free taking, multiple attackers, form practice one-on-one

back to top

 

Karate Terminology

 
Numbers, Belts & Ranks General Terminology and Etiquette
Basic Techniques Targets on the body
Hand/Arm Ashi - Foot
Stances Uke Waza (Blocking Techniques)
Tsuki Waza (Hand striking techniques) Uchi-Waza - Striking
Keri Waza (Kicking Techniques) Miscellaneous

 

Site Search



Google Search

Starting Karate

Do you want to learn karate?
Karate can make very positive changes to your life, teaching discipline, etiquette and respect for all.

If you're thinking about starting karate, there's no time like the present. Read our beginners guide to find out more›

Starting Karate

Karate Books

See some of the karate books recommended by our instructors and members. Karate Books›

karate katak of wado ryuOhtsukaBunkai Jutsu
Wado Ryu Karate manualAngry White PyjamasSport Stretch

Recommended Karate Books

FAQs

What should I wear? What's with the bowing? Am I too old? How fit do I need to be? Will I get hurt?

Hopefully we can answer all your questions on our FAQ page›

Frequently Asked Questions

Dojo Rules

Karate is not just a sport it is also a school of discipline and a few simple rules for respectful behaviour and safety must be observed within the Dojo.

Respect for the Dojo facilitates good learning and good karate. Dojo Rules›

Dojo Rules

How to find us

Reading Wado Kai Karate Club train at
Reading Girls' School,
Northumberland Av,
Reading
Berkshire
RG2 7PY
Location›

location

History of Wado Kai

The Origins of Karate can be traced back as far as the Greek Olympic games of 776 B.C.
Wado History›

Wado History

Site Search



Google Search

EWKR Grading Rules

A grading is a formal examination for which the applicant must be fully prepared. Full details of the requirements for grading can be found on our grading rules page›

Karate Grading Rules

Grading Syllabus

  8th Kyu syllabus
  7th Kyu syllabus

6th Kyu syllabus
  5th Kyu syllabus
  4th Kyu syllabus
  3rd Kyu syllabus
  2nd Kyu syllabus
1st Kyu syllabus
  1st Dan syllabus
  2nd Dan syllabus
  3rd Dan syllabus

Grading Syllabus›

Karate Syllabus

Training Times

Reading Wado Kai Karate Club trains at Reading Girls' School on Wednesday evenings from 6:30pm. Training Times›

Karate Training Times

How to Tie your Belt

When you buy your new gi, the first thing you need to learn how to do is tie the belt correctly›

Karate Belts

Adults Classes

Have you always wanted to take up karate but always found a reason not to join?

The popular concern is that everyone will be like Bruce Lee and you won't fit in - that just isn't the case. Adult Karate Class›

Adult Karate Class

Site Search



Google Search

Training Fees

We try to keep our karate prices as competitive as possible and invest any money we make back into the club.

There are no contracts with our club and we operate a 'pay as you train' policy.

Details of our training fees›


Karate Training Costs

Kids Club

At Reading Wado Kai Karate club we run a class catered especially for children.

As well as the normal training we have various martial arts related games to keep their interest. more›

Childrens Karate Reading

Sensei Ohtsuka

Hironori Ohtsuka (1892-1982) was the creator and first Grand Master of the Japanese karate style Wado Ryu. Hironori Ohtsuka›

Sensei Ohtsuks

Sensei Wilkinson

The founder of England Wado Kai, Barry Wilkinson, has an impressive pedigree, being taught Wado karate by leading exponents of the style and achieving Nanadan (7th dan) in June 2002. Sensei Wilkinson›

Sensei Barry Wilkinson

Site Search



Google Search

 

 copyright
metalfury
All rights reserved.   sbh_link Reading Wado Kai Karate Club | about | credits | find us | sitemap | contact us